The Bible says, “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD,” Deuteronomy 6:4.  From this scripture, we can see that there is one God.

When Jesus was asked, “Which is the first commandment of all,” He replied, “The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel: The LORD our is one LORD.”  The scribe that had posed the question then replied, “Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he.”  Jesus did not correct the man for misspeaking but instead said to him, “Thou art not far from the kingdom of God,” Mark 12:31-34.

Who must we know to have eternal life?

Jesus said, “And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent,” John 17:3.  According to Jesus, there are only Two that we must know to have eternal life and He calls God “the only true God.”

What can we know about God?

“Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.  He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love,” 1 John 4:7-8.  Wonderful news!  Our God doesn’t just have loving feelings for us when we’re good.  No, He is love!  Whether we are good or bad, whatever God does, He does from a heart of love.

How has God shown His love for us?

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life,” John 3:16.  God loves us so much that He gave His only begotten Son to save us from the penalty and power of sin.  What amazing love!

“But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us,” Romans 5:8.

If God gave us His Son, what does that make God?

A father, right?  God Himself said, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased,” Matthew 3:17.  Jesus also said, “Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven,” Matthew 16:17.

Is there a difference between God the Father and Jesus, the Son of God?

When Jesus was comforting His disciples about Him going away, He said, “Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you.  If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I,” John 14:28.

In what way is the Father greater than Jesus?

In a previous verse, we saw that Jesus said that the Father was the only true God.  Let’s look at some other verses for clarification:

“Hast thou not known? Hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary?  There is no searching of his understanding,” Isaiah 40:28.  Here we see that God is called the Creator (in another study we’ll see through whom He creates), He doesn’t faint or become weary, and His understanding is so full we could never get to the bottom of it.  Specifically notice though that He is called the everlasting God.

“Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God,” Psalm 90:2.

“Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honour and glory for ever and ever.  Amen,” 1 Timothy 1:17.   We learn some interesting things about God in this verse.  He is the only wise God, He is invisible, and He is also called eternal and immortal.  Later Timothy tells us that God “only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting.  Amen,” 1 Timothy 6:16.

So the Father is greater than the Son in the sense that He was first.  It is only logical that He be first from everlasting (who only hath immortality) for Him to be able to sustain to Jesus the relationship of a father to his son.

What are some other things we can know about our God?

“Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect,” Matthew 5:48  God is perfect.

“Art thou not from everlasting, O Lord my God, mine Holy One? we shall not die. O Lord, thou hast ordained them for judgment; and, O mighty God, thou hast established them for correction,” Habakkuk 1:12.  God is holy and mighty.

“God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, “ 1 Corinthians 1:9.  God is faithful.

“And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent,” 1 Samuel 15:29.  God does not lie.

“In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began,” Titus 1:2.  God cannot lie.

“For I am the Lord, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed,” Malachi 3:6.  God does not change.

“My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips,” Psalm 89:34.  God will not break His covenant.

Earlier we read that God is invisible what else can we know about God?

“This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all,” 1 John 1:5.  God is light.

Now notice this:

“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning,” James 1:17.  If God is a father (which He is), and He is light (which He is), then it would make sense that His children would be lights, wouldn’t it?  Let’s see what the Bible says:

In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name,” John 1:4-12.

Jesus, as the Son of God, is Light as His Father is Light.  Does this mean that Jesus was actually glowing when He came to earth?  No, but in a spiritual sense He was.  He came to us who were in spiritual darkness to reveal to us who the Father is.  “Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father?” John 14:9.

So what is this light about the Father that Jesus came to reveal?  Moses once asked God to show him His glory, and what did God reveal to him?

“And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation,” Exodus 34:6-7.  So God’s glory is His character, and Jesus came to demonstrate the character of God.

Did you notice the statement in John 1 that if we receive the Son, we can also become “sons of God?” So if we are God’s children, what would that make us?

Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven,” Matthew 5:14-16.  God is the Father of lights, and as His children, we become lights to the world.  The light that we share is our good works: merciful, gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth.

“Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:  Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son,” Colossians 1:12-13.

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